Messiah and the Tribes of Israel

The meaning of the Hebrew names of the sons of Jacob (Genesis 29 and 30)

Sons of Leah

  1. Reuben רְאוּבֵן‎   “Look A Son” (is born to me)
  2. Simeon  שִׁמְעוֹן   “One Who Hears”
  3. Levi לֵוִי   “Being Attached” “Joined”
  4. Judah יְהוּדָה   “Praise” (be to God)
  1. Issachar יִשָּׂשכָר   (He is my) “Reward/recompense”
  2. Zebulun זְבֻלוּן   (He is my) “Honor”

Sons of Bilhah

  1. Dan דָּן   “To Vindicate/Judge”  (he has judged me)
  2. Naphtali נַפְתָּלִי   (He is) “My Struggle”

Sons of Zilpah

  1. Gad גָּד   “Good Fortune”  or “troop, company”
  2. Asher אָשֵׁר   (He makes me) “Happy”

Sons of Rachel

  1. Joseph יוֹסֵף ‎ “May He Add” (another son) – (God has) “taken away” (my disgrace)
  2. Benjamin בִּנְיָמִין “Son Of My Right Hand”

Each of the names illustrate a different aspect of the Messiah Jesus Christ:

See the son (Reuben), hear him (Simeon), be attached or joined to him (Levi), and praise him (Judah).
He brings the reward (Issachar) and is our honor (Zebulon).
He adss / gives increase and takes the shame/disgrace away (Joseph).
He is the son of Gods right hand (Benjamin), the judge (Dan) and warrior (Naphtali)
who provides happiness (Gad) and joy (Asher).